Strength & Durability
In North America about one million homes (including single and multi-family residences) are built every year using modern wood frame construction technology. Adaptable to any climate, this system is widely used in Europe, Middle East, Africa and parts of Asia, such as Japan and Korea.
Wood-frame construction incorporates wall, floor and roof assemblies that are strong, easy to insulate and quick and efficient to build. Using a combination of materials and modern engineering, wood frame homes are designed to meet the requirements of the environment for which they are built and can withstand conditions of high wind, heavy rain and even earthquakes. When properly built and termite treated cared for, these homes can easily have a life-span upto 50 years or more.
Flexibility & Efficiency
Woods immense flexibility makes it the best choice for creating customized structural or decorative designs. Walls that are up to 20% thinner than standard concrete walls, provide for greater internal floor space and the ability to embed infrastructure (electrical wiring, plumbing and ventilation ducts) in floor, ceiling and wall cavities, allowing architects and designers from having to design around these components.
Making changes is virtually impossible when walls are poured in concrete or when expensive and time-consuming reworking of the construction material is needed off site. However, wood buildings can be easily redesigned to suit changing needs, whether it be the addition of a new room or moving a window or door.
Fair and Safety
Both research and experience confirm that fire safety in a house or apartment has little to do with the combustibility of the structural materials used in its construction. In fact, the occupants’ safety is far more dependent on their own awareness of fire hazards (open flames etc.), the contents of their home (furniture etc.) and the fire protection measures designed into the building.
When comparing the fire safety of wood versus concrete or steel, wood is stronger than you might think. Although wood is a combustible material, a layer of char is created when it burns, and this helps to protect the wood and maintain the strength and structural integrity of the wood inside. For this reason a heavy timber will stand longer than a comparable steel beam which will melt from the heat before the timber burns through.
Wood frame construction is a complete building system in which a combination of materials and design elements contribute to creating a durable, healthy and safe environment. Fire retardant materials such as gypsum board line the walls of the interior and ceiling, with additional layers used in higher risk areas such as the kitchen. Practices such as these ensure the modern wood frame building system meets and complies with Canadian National Building Codes covering structural and fire safety regulations